Author: Szabolcs Magyari, Solarplaza
#1: Yanchi Solar Park, Huawei
#2: Longyangxia Dam Solar Park /// #3: Kamuthi Solar Power Project (India) /// #4: Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park Phase II
The Top 50 solar plants in Asia encompass a total of 8,548 MW of installed capacity in the region and comprises PV plants ranging from 50 MW to 1 GW. China, the largest solar super power in the region, makes up more than half of all installed capacity with more than 4.5 GW of solar plants. The second most prominent country in the list is India with slightly more than a quarter of the installed capacity. Thailand, from the ASEAN region, bears slightly more than half a gigawatt of the listed capacity and the remaining gigawatt of solar energy is distributed among Japan, Pakistan, the Philippines and Kazakhstan.
The most prominent large-scale solar developer of China, United Photovoltaics, accounts for 515 MW of solar energy alone. The company, formerly known as Gold Poly Energy Holdings, developed and owns 6 of the 50 solar parks to date. Another solar giant in the region is Xinyi Solar Holdings which fully owns or has partial ownership in several solar plants across the country. Besides United Photovoltaics, Huawei represents a prominent company in terms of supplying modules and inverters for several of the listed power plants.
India’s position as the country with second most installed solar capacity would have been significantly different a couple years ago. Only 3 out of its 11 Top 50 solar PV plants were commissioned earlier than the year 2016. Another sign of India’s increased focus on solar PV comes from the fact that another 3 of its plants were commissioned just this year. However, India is not only interesting because of its newly established power plants; the country is also home to Asia’s largest conglomerate of separately developed solar plants. The Charanka solar park consists of PV plants developed by 17 different developers and is part of a larger initiative in Gujarat to produce over a gigawatt of energy across the city.
In order to give a more focused view on the Southeast Asian region - without the overshadowing effect of India and China - we compiled a ranking of the 10 largest Southeast Asian projects. Although the list provides a clearer picture of the region’s largest solar farms, it emphasizes the Thai and the Philippine regional dominance.
Thailand and the Philippines have made tremendous progress in the development of their local regulatory framework facilitating solar energy. Thailand, has brought online 5 of the top 50 solar plants and many smaller scale plants have also been commissioned thanks to the country’s Feed-in-Tariff (FiT) system and other tax and non-tax incentives. The majority of the large-scale solar development in the country is associated with Energy Absolute PCL. The formerly biodiesel-focused company, has brought online 4 out of 5 of largest Thai solar plants and is aspiring to be a super power in battery production as well.
The Philippines, although very much in the early phases of adopting solar energy, managed to get two positions in the list. The 63 MW solar plant in Calatagan is not only one of the nation’s largest operating solar plants but it also demonstrated the Philippine ability to carry out solar projects of such magnitude. Through the management of Solar Philippines, the commissioning of the plant marked the first time a utility-scale solar plant was developed, financed and constructed entirely through local efforts. The company, led by 22-year-old entrepreneur Leandro Leviste, is planning to continue the clean electrification of the Philippines by establishing 500 MW of solar energy until the end of the year.
Calatagan Solar Plant
An indication of the hot-spot nature of the Asian solar power is not only apparent in the sheer size of the plants but it is also striking looking at the chronological pattern of establishment. The vast majority of Top 50 plants were commissioned in the last four years and some have already commenced operation this year.
The 2-day conference and networking platform Unlocking Solar Capital Asia, taking place in Singapore, will bring together 200+ investors, financiers, solar developers, IPPs, EPCs & other solar stakeholders interested in developing bankable PV projects in the region. The event will provide both regional and country-specific overviews, while empowering delegates with excellent networking and matchmaking opportunities to couple the right projects with the right type of capital.
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